back to entry page home herbs edibles ornamentals links enquiry

Medicinal, Chinese, Healing and Culinary Herbs


PLEASE NOTE - "I am taking a break from selling plants this year to pursue other projects. One of which will be to add an comprehensive database of herbs and their uses to this site. This will be published by the summer 2007. Sorry for any inconvenience" Ė Lauren Rayner




Herb List - Latin Name First - A to M - N to Z



(Acinos arvensis) Basil Thyme
A hardy short lived perennial herb growing to .15 metres tall. This plant is aromatic with a scent of a cross between basil and thyme. The flowering tops and leaves are used as a flavouring in foods and salads. The flavour is milder than that of basil and thyme. It is used medicinally for many ailments including as a diuretic, and to aid stomach complaints.Was often used by ancient herbalists as a pain killer for decaying teeth.

(Achillea millifolium) Yarrow
Is a wild flower of England growing in grassland. Is also a much used medicinal herb being used to heal wounds, treat cold and fever. Is also a skin cleanser and lowers high blood pressure. Quite an attractive plant growing to 60cm and has fine feathery leaves and white or pinkish flowers.

(Agastache atropurpurecens) Purple Giant Hyssop
Hardy herbaceous perennial growing to 7 ft high. It is in flower from july to september. Prefers a sunny position and a well drained soil. Flowers and leaves have a mint-like scent. Leaves and flowers can be used in cooking and tea making..

(Agastache mexicana)Mexican Giant Hyssop
A beautiful form of the agastaches originating from parts of south america. A very easy to grow herb which doesn't need a whole lot of attention. It is very drought tolerant as it is native to desert regions of South America. Grows to 3ft high and has pretty whorls of small tubular flowers in shades of pink, white and purple. The leaves are very aromatic when rubbed and can be used as a flavouring in cooking. Also makes a nice aromatic tea. This is a herbaceous perennial(dying down to ground in winter and coming up again in spring).

(Agastache nepatoides)Yellow Giant Hyssop
a hardy herbaceous herb growing to 4-6 ft tall. has greeenish- yellow flowersfrom July to September. Very easy. Prefers a moist, rich soil, but will grow in virtually any soil. Naturally grows in open woodland areas, thickets and woodland borders in the United States. a bold plant that does well in a perennial border, native wildflower area, woodland or butterfly garden. A herbal tea can be made with the fresh or dried leaves, but unlike the other agastaches, this one doesnt have as strong a scent. Quantity available: 18


(Agastache rugosa) Korean Mint
An upright perennial herb. Has square stems and pointed leaves that have white, hairy undersides and a mint-like aroma. It has tall spikes of small purple flowers in summer. The leaves make a pleasant tea and an unusual seasoning for mint dressings. Though it is related to mints, it is not a true mint and will not spread and become invasive like mint does. Grows 6-7 ft tall. for the back of the herb border.

(Agrimonia eupatoria) Agrimony/Church Steeples
A pretty little perennial herb , growing to .6 metres tall. It is a very easily grown plant which prefers a calcareous soil and a position in full sun. The fresh or dried leaves make a nice refreshing tea. This plant has a long history of medicinal use. It was used to heal problems such as diarrhoea and to aid digestion. It was also used for a number of other problems.

(Alcea rosea)Hollyhock
a common cottage garden plant. it is a herbaceous perennial growing to 1.2 metres. it has very tall spikes of large flowers. the flower colour on these plants will be varied and some may have double flowers.

(Allium tuberosum ) Garlic Chives
A hardy clump forming bulbous perennial growing to 10-20Ē tall. Has white flowers in late summer/fall and has grass-like leaves. Is usually evergreen apart from really cold frosty winters. The leaves can be eaten raw and used in salads or cooked. They have a nice oniony garlic flavour.

(Aloe ferox) Cape Aloe
A useful medicinal plant with similar medicinal properties to that of the common Aloe vera. It is used medically as a purgative. The leaves can also be used like aloe vera for healing skin problems such as cuts, bruises and sunburns. Grows well as house plant . A native succulent of South Africa. Needs a well drained soil and a place in a well lit window. 3.00

(Aloe vera) Medicine plant
Called the medicine plant as it is used to treat many skin complaints such as sunburn, chapped skin , acne, cuts, bruises and scars. Break off a small bit of leaf and rub the juice from the leaf on skin. A healthy juice is also made from the leaves. A very easily grown houseplant which prefers neglect. Too much water will damage or even rot the roots .

(Aloysia triphylla) Lemon Verbena
This is a wonderful herb with it's strongly scented and tasting leaves which smell and taste of lemon. It makes a wonderful lemon tasting tea and leaves are used in cooking to impart a lemon scent and taste. Probably the next best thing to lemons. A deciduous shrub growing to 3m by 3m . It is frost tender so will need to be taken indoors for the winter.

(Ammi Visnaga)Visnaga
An annual or biennial herb growing to just over half a metre tall. The leaves are fragrant and sweet and are eaten raw for their pleasant sweet, aromatic taste. It is also an important medicinal plant. Medicinally, Visnaga is an effective muscle relaxant and has been used for centuries to alleviate the excruciating pain of kidney stones. Modern research has confirmed the validity of this traditional use. Visnagin contains khellin, from which particularly safe pharmaceutical drugs for the treatment of asthma have been made. Native to C. Europe to W. Asia and N. Africa. Very easy to grow, although it is not completely hardy in the UK. It may survive winters in the milder parts of the country. Best either grown as an annual or taken in for the winter.

(Arctium lappa 'Takinogawa Long')Japanese Burdock/ Gobo
A hardy biennial plant growing to 2 metres tall. This variety is from Japan and is grown as a food plant and for medicine. The root is eaten raw or cooked. Very young roots can be eaten raw, but older roots are normally cooked. They can be up to 120cm long and 2.5cm wide at the top, but are best harvested when no more than 60cm long. Young stalks and branches can also be eaten raw or cooked. They are used like asparagus or spinach. They taste best if the rind is removed. Medicinally, it is used to treat conditions caused by an 'overload' of toxins, such as throat and other infections, boils, rashes and other skin problems. The root is thought to be particularly good at helping to eliminate heavy metals from the body. The plant is also part of a North American formula called essiac which is a popular treatment for cancer.

(Armoracia rusticana) Horse Radish
This is the plant which is used to make 'horseradish sauce'. It is the root which is dug in autumn and used. It is grated and is eaten raw. Cooking will destroy the pungency of it. Has a very strong mustard-like taste. Medicinally,Horseradish is a very pungent stimulant herb that controls bacterial infections and can be used both internally and externally. The plant is a powerful stimulant, whether used internally or externally. This a fully hardy perennial. The root can be dug any time of the year.

Anchusa azure
A hardy perennial native to italy. Has beautiful intense gentian blue flowers in summer. The root of this plant was traditionally used to make a red dye. Medicinally , the root is used to make an ointment for treating wounds and burns.

(Angelica archangelica) Angelica
A biennial growing to 6 ft. The leaves are eaten raw or cooked and have a liquorice-like flavour. They can be added to salads or used to sweeten fruit. The stems can be used in place of celery. Medicinally it is used for many ailments including aiding digestion and and circulatory problems.

(Arctium lappa ) Greater Burdock
An unusual and architectural native wild flower /herb which grows to 2m tall. Has attractive large, rhubarb-like basal leaves and tall stalks of flowers which are a reddish purple. It has a long history of medicinal use as a detoxifyer. It is the 1 year old root which is used. the root can also be cooked as a vegetable, either boiled or steamed . The stem can be cooked like asparagus and the leaves also can be cooked. This is a hardy biennial.

(Arnica montana) Leopard' s Bane
This is a native wild flower and herb of Europe and is protected in some parts of europe. The plant has an attractive daisy like flower from which many medicines are made. It is a very popular medicinal herb in Germany of which over 100 drug preparations are made from the plant.Arnica is known to stimulate blood circulation and can raise blood pressure, especially in the coronary arteries. The plant is used externally for arthritis, burns, ulcers, eczema and acne. It has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities that can reduce pain and swelling, improving wound healing.

(Artemesia dracunculus) French Tarragon
An aromatic perennial growing to 3 ft. This has a stronger scent and taste than the russian tarragon. This is widely used as a flavouring in cooking. Medicinally it is used to aid digestion and is a mild stimulant. This is frost tender, so will need to be taken inside for the winter.

(Artemisia vulgaris)Wormwood
A hardy perennial herb growing to 1.2 metres by .7 metres. Leaves are used in small quantities as a flavouring in foods. Medicinally, it is used to treat digestive and menstrual complaints. A tea can be made from the fresh or dried leaves

(Artemisia vulgaris 'Oriental Limelight') Variegated Wormwood
A very attractive, decorative variety of wormwood, having variegated leaves. A hardy perennial growing to 2-3 ft high.. Prefers a well drained, poor soil. Does not do very well on wet, fertile soil and may rot if soil is too moist or wet. A good drought tolerant plant for the ornamental flower border or the ornamental herb border. Wormwood was used much for flavouring beer and also used medicinally.


(Atropa acuminata)Indian Belladonna
a half hardy perennial herb growing to just under 1 metre tall. Native to E. Asia - Himalayas from Kashmir to Baluchistan. Medicinally, this has similar uses to the deadly nightshade. Although it is poisonous,deadly nightshade has a long history of medicinal use and has a wide range of applications, in particular it is used to dilate the pupils in eye operations, to relieve intestinal colic and to treat peptic ulcers. The plant can be used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, reducing tremors and rigidity whilst improving speech and mobility. It has also been used as an antidote in cases of mushroom or toadstool poisoning.is used to reduce saliva, gastric, intestinal and bronchial secretions, as well as the activity of the urinary tubules, bladder and intestines. An extract of the plant has been used as eyedrops. It has the effect of dilating the pupils thus making it easier to perform eye operations. In the past women used to put the drops in their eyes in order to make them look larger and thus 'more beautiful'. The entire plant, harvested when coming into flower, is used to make a homeopathic remedy. This is used especially in cases where there is localised and painful inflammation that radiates heat. It is also used to treat sunstroke and painful menstruation. This is a VERY poisonous plant, especially the berries. It should be used with extreme caution and only under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. caution should be exercised especially if small children are around.

(Atropa belladonna 'Lutea')Yellow Belladonna/ Yellow Deadly Nightshade

The name means "lovely lady," because taken internally or applied externally it causes the pupils of the eyes to dilate. An important plant in modern medicine, especially as a muscle relaxant, but NOT suitable for self-medication. Tubular purple flowers and shiny black berries can be attractive to childern. This variety has pale yellow flowers followed by yellow berries. This is a VERY poisonous plant, especially the berries. It should be used with extreme caution and only under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. caution should be exercised especially if small children are around.




Basil, Licorice (Ocimum basilicum 'liquorice')
Has a strong liquorice scent and taste. Grows to 2 to 3 ft. tall. can be used like regular basil in cooking. Can also be used in baking.

Basil, Mediterranian .
This has a wonderful basil flavour. It is used for flavouring meat and vegetable dishes.

(Belamcanda chinensis) Leopard Lily/Blackberry Lily
A pretty perennial plant/herb with lovely , large orange flowers which are dotted with red. This herb has a long history of medicinal uses in chinese medicine. It is hardy in most parts of Britain, but in the colder parts, the rhizomes may be lifted and stored in a frost free place over winter and planted out the following spring. Requires a well drained soil.

(Bulbinella hookeri) Maori onion
A native of New Zealand. This is a tufted bulbous perennial growing to only a few inches high. In summer it has racems of yellow flowers. in autumn the leaves die down for the winter. A half hardy perennial. It can survive slight frosts, but a hard frost will kill it. In the milder parts of the country , it is best to take it indoors for the winter. Prefers a well drained soil in a sunny position.


(Bunium bulbocastinum)Earth Chestnut/ Pignut
a perennial plant growing to .5 metres tall. The pig nut has at times been cultivated for its edible root. Although quite small in the wild, there is a potential to improve the size of this root through selective breeding and cultivation. Will grow easily in any soil type and in full sun. Grows naturally in rough grassland and banks of Britain. The root can be eaten raw or cooked and has a delicious taste very much like sweet chestnuts when cooked. Seed and flowers can be used as a flavouring.they are a cumin substitute.Leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. They are used as a garnish and a flavouring in much the same way as parsley. quantity available:41




(Castus agnus sativus) Vitex
An ornamental and medicinal shrub. It has been used for thousands of years for it's beneficial affect on the female hormonal system. The seeds are used to restore balanced functioning to the female reproductive system. Berries and seeds can also be used as a pepper substitute in cooking.

(Cephalaria gigantea ) Giant Scabious
A lovely clump forming perennial growing to a height of 2.5 metres tall. In summer it has tall stems holding large primrose yellow flowers. A native of north Turkey. Needs a well drained soil in sun or partial shade.

(Chenopodium ambrosoides) Epazote / Mexican tea
An annual or a short lived tender perennial. used alot in traditional mexican dishes.

(Chenopodium bonus-henricus) Good King Henry
This was, in the victorian times, a popular plant which was grown for it's edible leaves. It is slowly coming back into fashion and making it's way back into england vegetable gardens. It is a perennial growing to .3 metres. The young leaves are eaten raw or cooked the cooked leaves are an alternative to spinach.

(Chenopodium nuttaliae)Huizontle
An interesting Mexican vegetable green. The leaves can be used in stir fries like spinach and the young flowering shoots can be used like broccoli. An annual herb.

(Clinopodium vulgarea ) Wild Basil
Hardy perennial herb growing to .45 metres. The leaves are edible and are used as a flavouring in salads and cooked foods. Has a mild basil-like taste. An aromatic tea can be made from the fresh leaves. Medicinally, a tea can be made from the fresh leaves to aid weak digestion. Needs a well drained soil.

(Cryptolaenia japonica) Japanese Parsley/Mitsuba
An evergreen perennial herb with parsley-like leaves. They can be used in cooking the same as parsley, but should not be cooked for more than 2 minutes or else they lose their taste. Makes a nice addition to salads as well. The blanched stems can also be used as a celery substitute. This is a commonly cultivated vegetable in Japan where they are usually grown as an annual plant. Mitsuba is loved by slugs and snails so will need protection in its early stages of life. This is best grown as a hardy annual.

(Cymbopogon citratus) Lemon Grass
A perennial grass native to India. The leaves are often used in Indian and Asian cooking. It has a wonderful lemony scent and taste. The fresh leaves make wonderful lemon tea and lemonade. Lemon grass is a frost tender perennial and will need to be taken inside to protect it from frosts in the winter or else it can be grown as an annual and harvested in the autumn.




(Dracocephalum moldavicum ) Moldavian Balm/Moldavian Dragons Head
An annual native to Eurasia. A very pretty little herb with large purple flowers which are very long lasting. The fresh or dried leaves make a nice lemon hyssop-like tea. Medicinally, it is good for treating colds. Prefers a well drained soil and a position in full sun.




(Echinacea atrorubens) Reflexed Coneflower
An unusual cone flower which is native to eastern Oklahoma, USA and is protected. Flowers are light purple to dark purple in colour and the petals are strongly reflexed downwards toward the stem. Has same medicinal properties of ordinary Echinacea.

(Ephedra, Green) Mormon Tea
A half hardy evergreen shrub growing to 1.8 metres tall. The fruit of this shrub are edible and sweet. What it is best known for is it's leaves which are made into a tea called'mormon tea'. Medicinally, the leaves and stems are used to treat many ailments including asthma, rheumatism, and colds. This plant is not entirely hardy in Britain, so it is best to grow it in a pot and take it indoors in a frost free place over winter. Needs a well drained humus rich soil and a sunny position

(Eriocephelus africanus) Wild Rosemary
A half hardy shrub native to Cape, South Africa. It is a very aromatic plant with leaves that smell strongly of 'Vicks Vapour rub'. Used medicinally. grows to 1 metre tall. needs a well drained soil and a sunny position. This plant probably isnt hardy in britain. Best to grow in a pot and take indoors for the winter




(No Latin name entry) See common name entry for F




(Gentiana tibetica) Tibetan Gentian
A half hardy perennial herb. It has large fleshy droopy leaves. Medicinally, it is used to aid in digestion. The fresh or dried leaves can be made into a tea or the fresh leaves can be just be eaten. A very easy plant to grow.

(Geum rivale) Water Avens/Purple Avens
A hardy perennial herb which grows to .3 metres tall. The roots are edible and make a chocolate-like drink when boiled in water. They can be dried or used fresh. The dried roots make a moth repellant..It has many medicinal uses. An easily grown plant. Prefers a well drained humus rich soil, but isn't at all fussy.




(Heimia salicifolia) Heimia/Erva de Vida
A half hardy deciduous shrub growing to 3metres high. Tea made from the leaves and has an intoxicating/hallucinogenic affect. Root stock is hardy in most parts of England, but top growth will be killed back in winter. Needs a well drained soil.

(Hesperus matronalis)Sweet Rocket
Sweet Rocket has very fragrant flowers which grows almost wild, as it has escaped from gardens. The flowers are lavender-colored and grow in large clusters. The plants grow about 3 feet high and are bushy. All of the flowers are very sweetly scented and this is especially noticed in the evening. They bloom from June through September. They are used in the border where they bloom earlier than Phlox, which they somewhat resemble. The flowers are used for cutting. this is an excellent plant for attracting bees and butterflies.

(Hippophae rhamnoides) Sea Buckthorn
This is a hardy deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 6 metres tall. It has spiny shoots with long , thin grey green leaves . Has pretty bright orange fruits. On coastal areas, this can be grown as a windbreak, hedge, and for stabilising dunes. Medicinally, the oil from the fruits and seeds are used to treat acne and other skin conditions.

(Humulus japonica variegata) Japanese Variegated Hops
A pretty half hardy perennial climber which is usually grown in this country as a half hardy annual. It has large variegated leaves. It will quickly grow to 3 metres tall. Very nice.

(Hypericum perforatum 'Elixir') St. Johnís Wort 'Elixir '
A hardy perennial herb growing to .9 metres tall. Used medicinally to treat many ailments, mostly for nervous problems. A soothing tea can be made from the fresh or dried leaves. A very easily grown plant-almost too easy as it can become a weed in a garden, but it is very pretty and useful. This cultivar has higher active constituents, hypericun and related compounds than the ordinary St John's Wort.

(Hypericum perforatum) St. Johnís Wort
A hardy perennial herb growing to .9 metres tall. Used medicinally to treat many ailments, mostly for nervous problems. A soothing tea can be made from the fresh or dried leaves. A very easily grown plant-almost too easy as it can become a weed in a garden, but it is very pretty and useful.

(Hyssopus officinalis) Hyssop, pink
An evergreen shrub growing to 0.6m. the leaves are used as a flavouring in foods and have a taste which is a cross between a sage and mint. The plant is a very good bee and butterfly attractor. Medicinally, It has a positive effect when used to treat bronchitis and respiratory infections. Hyssop can be grown as a hedging plant and responds well to clipping. It is a hardy perennial. Needs full sun and a well drained soil.




(Indigofera australis) Australian Indigo
A tender shrub native to Australia. The crushed leaves of this plant were used by aborigines to stun or kill fish by adding them to the water. It is an evergreen spreading shrub that grows to 3 metres high. but will probably not get to that height in this country as it will need to be pot grown and taken indoors for the winter. A blue dye can be extracted from this plant.

(Inula helenium)Elecampane
A hardy herbaceous perrenial herb growing to 1.5 metres tall. Originates in Argentina; Britain; China; India; S.E. Europe; Spain; Turkey. Has a long history of use as a medicinal herb. A gently warming and tonic herb, it is especially effective in treating coughs, consumption, bronchitis and many other complaints of the chest as well as disorders of the digestive system. A very safe herb to use, it is suitable for the old and the young and especially useful when the patient is debilitated. It cleanses toxins from the body, stimulating the immune and digestive systems and treating bacterial and fungal infections. The root is best harvested in the autumn from plants that are two years old, and it can be dried for later use. This herb should not be consumed by pregnant women.

(Isatis indigotica) Chinese Woad
It is a dye plant which is related to the common plant, Woad (Isatis tinctoria). Like the common Woad, it contains the substances, indican and isatin b, both of which can be converted to indigo for dying cloth and for making a blue paint. It is also used in Chinese medicine. Medicinally, it is an antibacterial, antiviral, and anti inflammatory. Leaves and roots are effective against flu, encephalitis, measles, hepatitis, and mumps. It is a hardy, short lived perennial growing to 1 metre. for the back of the border.

(Isatis tinctoria) Dyer's Woad
This plant used to be the main source of blue dye throughout Europe. It contains the same dyestuffs as indigo, though in lower concentrations. It is quite an attractive herb which can be placed in the back of the herb border as it grows quite tall. Seeds are best sown direct in the ground in spring. Plants grow at a very fast rate. Biennial.




(No Latin name entry) See common name entry for J




(No Latin name entry)
See common name entry for K




Lavender Grappenhall (Lavender x intermedia cv. grappenhall)
This is one of the largest forms of lavender, growing to 80cm. it has large , pale mauve flowers from august through autumn. Has aromatic silvery leaves. Leaves are used medicinally and for culinary uses.

(Lippia dulcis) Mayan Mint/aztec sweet herb
A half hardy perennial herb growing to 30 cm tall by 60 cms wide. This herb has amazingly sweet leaves which are many times sweeter than sugar. Can be used to sweeten teas, cakes and anything else that calls for sugar. Wonderful for diabetics. Can be grown as an annual or a perennial and taken in for the winter to a frost free environment. Makes a nice low creeping ground cover. has pretty white flowers in summer

(Liscari sativa) Salsola Soda
An unusual annual herb. The young leaves and shoots are either eaten raw in salads or cooked. It has a salty , crunchy taste.This herb is often used in Japan.




( Melissa officinalis) Lemon Balm
This is a herbaceous bushy herb. Has a strong scent and taste of lemon. It is used in many dishes to impart a lemon flavour and also for making a lemony herbal tea.

(Melissa officinalis 'Aurea') Lemon Balm Variegated
This is an ornamental lemon balm having very attractive gold green variegated leaves. It is really attractive in the spring.grows to 80cm. tall. Can be used in all the same ways as ordinary lemon balm in cooking and tea making imparting a lemon scent and taste.medicinally, lemon balm is used in the treatment of colds, flu, coldsores, nausea and stomach complaints. It has a soothing and calming effect on the body.

(Melissa officinalis 'Lime') Lime Balm
Very similar in appearance and growth habit to lemon balm, but has a scent and taste which is like lime. Can be used in all the same ways as ordinary lemon balm in cooking and tea making imparting a lemon scent and taste.medicinally, lemon balm is used in the treatment of colds, flu, coldsores, nausea and stomach complaints. It has a soothing and calming effect on the body

(Mentha spicata) Algerian fruity Mint
This has a fruity scent and taste. used in baking, cooking and tea making.

(Mentha suaveolens ) Apple Mint
This is the mint which is traditionally used for making mint sauce. Can also be used in all the same ways ordinary mint is used. It is also good for baking with.

(Mentha arvensis ) Banana Mint
This is one of my favourites. It smells exactly like bananas! From America. Not a very strong or hardy mint, so may need some protection in the winter.

(Mentha spicata)Mint, Brundall's
This is a new introduction to my mint collection this year, so i don't have a lot of information on this one. Hope to have more information towards the end of the season.

(Mentha x piperita citrata ) Chocolate Mint
This is one of the best selling mints. It has a chocolate/ mint scent and taste and is a good one for making tea and for baking with. Can also be used in cooking.

(Mentha x gracilis variegata ) Ginger Mint
This is an all round nice plant. it is very ornamental, having pretty variegated foliage and having a scent and taste of ginger. It is good used in salads, cooking and making a gingery/mint tea.

(Mentha x piperita citrata) Grapefruit Mint
Has a grapefruit scent and taste. The scent is given off when the leaves are rubbed. Use for making tea, cooking and baking.

(Mentha x piperita citrata ) Lime Mint
Has a scent and taste of lime. It is quite an attractive and strong growing mint, having large , dark coloured leaves. it is good chopped over strawberries. Also good used in cooking and making tea.

(Mentha) Menthol Mint
This mint has a strong menthol scent and taste. It is good used in cooking and baking. Makes a wonderful tea. The vapours from the tea can be used as a cold remedy to help unblock sinuses.

(Mentha x piperita ) Mitcham Mint
This is a variety which was commonly used as a flavouring in sweets and a superior quality peppermint oil can be obtained from this one. A nice tasting mint and makes a very good tea. Good in cooking and baking.

(Mentha spicata var. crispa ) Moroccan Mint
This is one of the best mints to use for making mint tea. It is recommended by Dehlia Smith. Can be used in cooking as well. Has one of the best minty tastes.

(Mentha x piperita citrata) Orange Mint
A strong growing mint. Leaves have a strong orange scent when rubbed. Makes a good minty-orange tea and is good used in cooking and baking.

(Mentha spicata ) Spearmint
Used in making mint sauce, cooking and making spearmint tea.

(Mentha piperita) Swiss Ricola Mint
Has a light refreshing scent and taste. An oil is obtained from this one and is the flavouring agent for "swiss ricola brand" sweets. Use the same way as ordinary mint.

(Monarda fistulosa) Bergamot, Lavender/Wild Bergamot
A native wildflower of north America and Canada. It is a hardy perennial growing to 1.5 metres tall. The whole plant, excluding the roots can be used as a pot herb. It is very aromatic and the leaves can be used fresh in salads, and made into a tea. Was often used medicinally by native america tribes to aid in digestion and other ailments. It is still used today by some herbalists. A very ornamental plant and is very easily grown. Has pretty purple flowers and is an excellent bee and butterfly attractor. Will grow in any soil.

(Myrrhis oderata) Sweet Cicely
A hardy , herbaceous perennial herb growing to 1 metre tall. The leaves have a sweet aniseed flavour and can be used to flavour vegetables and sweeten tart fruits. The leaves are an important ingredient in the herb mix, 'bouquet garni'. A tea can be made from the leaves. Medicinally, it is used to treat coughs and stomach complaints. Prefers a moist, rich soil in a shady position.

Site design and contents © 2003 Unusual Herbs & Edibles, All Rights Reserved.