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Herb Garden | Herb Plants | Growing Herbs | Herbal Tea


PLEASE NOTE - "I am taking a break from selling plants this year to pursue other projects. One of which will be to add an comprehensive database of herbs and their uses to this site. This will be published by the summer 2007. Sorry for any inconvenience" – Lauren Rayner




Herb List - Latin Name First - N to Z - A to M



(Nepeta cataria) Cat Mint
The plant has an aromatic, characteristic odour, which bears a certain resemblance to that of both Mint and Pennyroyal. It is well know for being much liked by cats who will roll on and eat the leaves.

(Nepeta cataria) Nepeta ‘Six Hills Giant’
A beautiful form of Nepeta that grows to 3 ft tall by 3 ft wide. Has aromatic foliage beneath a mist of pretty purple flowers . A hardy, ornamental perennial herb. Use the same as ordinary Nepeta.

(Nepeta cataria ssp. Citriodora) Lemon Catnip
The same as ordinary catnip, but with a lemony fragrance. Well adored by most cats. The plant produces a scent which most cats absolutely love. To protect your plant from cats rolling in it, stick a few twigs around and over the plant. It is also used medicinally for many ailments, one being a sleep aid. A nice lemony tea ca be made from the fresh or dried leaves. You can even dry a few leaves(not outside, as it's oils will lose their potency) and sew them into your cats favourite toy. A hardy perennial. Prefers a well drained soil in a sunny position.

(Nepeta curvifolia) Catnip, Syrian
A beautiful and rare Nepeta native to the middle east. Different to ordinary catnip in that it has very long lasting purple flowers. Well adored by most cats. the plant produces a scent which most cats absolutely love. To protect your plant from cats rolling in it, stick a few twigs around and over the plant. It is also used medicinally for many ailments, such as a sleep aid and to treat asthma. A nice lemony tea ca be made from the fresh or dried leaves. You can even dry a few leaves(not outside, as it's oils will lose their potency) and sew them into your cats favourite toy. A hardy perennial. prefers a well drained soil in a sunny position.

(Nepeta mussinii) Persian Catmint/Persian Catnip
Sweet and spicy aroma to the leaves. pretty purple flowers in summer. Leaves can be use in all the same ways as other catmints.

(Nicandra physaloides) Shoo Fly
A tender annual that grows to 1.2 metres high. Used medicinally in tibetan medicine. It is said that this herb repels all flies. It is very attractive, having pretty blue bell shaped flowers followed by latern-shaped seed pod similar to 'chinese lanterns'.

(Nicandra physaloides ' Variegata') Variegated Shoo Fly
A tender annual that grows to 1.2 metres high. Used medicinally in tibetan medicine. It is said that this herb repels all flies. It is very attractive, having pretty blue bell shaped flowers followed by latern-shaped seed pod similar to 'chinese lanterns'. This variety has pretty variegated leaves




(Oenothera campylocalyx)Evening Primrose
a beautiful plant having long dark green foliage. in summer it has lots of large tangerine colour flowers. grows 12-15 inches tall. A hardy herbaceous perennial. Needs full sun and prefers a well drained soil, but will grow in any good garden soil.

Oenothera glazioviana
This is a hardy biennial herb growing to 1-1.5 metres tall. A native of north America. Has light green leaves and red spotted stems. In summer, it has pretty bright yellow flowers.

(origanum) Marjoram Acorn Bank
A very attractive marjoram grown for its decorative and novelty purposes. It is still a good used in cooking and for making teas. Grows to 18" tall and has a slightly more triangular leaf than the other marjorams. It is good used in meat dishes, for stuffings, and salads.

(origanum)Marjoram Gold Tipped
An attractive marjoram having green leaves with golden coloured tips. Grows to 12" tall. It is a mild tasting marjoram and is good used for meat dishes, stuffings and salads.

(origanum)Marjoram Golden
This is a compact variety. Has lovely golden coloured leaves.

(origanum)Marjoram, Greek Oregano
One of the best marjorams for cooking with. It is used a lot in italian cooking. Hardy herbaceous perennial

(origanum)Marjoram, Pot
This one is good used in meat dishes, for stuffings and salads. has dark green leaves. A slightly tender marjoram. Can either be grown as an annual pot plant, or taken inside for the winter. It may survive the winter outdoors if placed in a sheltered position. Needs a well drained soil and a position in full sun.




(Parthenium) French Parsley
This is considered by many to be the best flavoured variety for cooking with. It is the flat leaved variety, not the one with curled leaves. Although it is a perennial, it is best grown as a biennial to maintain the best flavour from the leaves. It loses flavour with age.

(Parthenium) Moss Curled Parsley
Used like french parsley in cooking. Leaves are curled, making it an attractive specimen plant for the herb garden. Pick leaves regularly to encourage more leaf growth. Seeds are slow to germinate and need warm to germinate properly. Either sow indoors in spring with bottom heat or sow outdoors when the ground has warmed up.

(Perilla frutescens) Purple Perilla
Has decorative dark purple foliage. it has cinnamon scented and tasting leaves which are popular in japan for flavouring raw fish, bean curd, pickles and tempura. Purple perilla was also used by the victorians as a bedding plant. An annual growing to .6 metres by .3 metres. Good for the front of the ornamental, kitchen, or herb garden.

(Persicaria odorata) Vietnamese Corriander
It is used a lot in Asia cuisine, mainly in vietnamese cooking. The leaves are used and have a strong coriander taste with a hint of lemon. Only a small amount needs to be used. It is a tender perennial, so will need to be taken indoors for the winter. It does well as a house plant if places in a brightly lit window.

Phlomis alpina
Has rough-hairy basal leaves (from a rosette) and grows to almost a foot tall. The pretty pink or violet flowers are on a nearly leafless, thin spike, to about 4 feet tall. a hardy herbaceous perennial.

(Plectranthus sp.) Vick's Plant
This is a fast growing succulent plant with furry leaves. The leaves , when rubbed, smell exactly of 'vick's vapour rub'. It makes an attractive house plant.

(Polemonium reptans)Jacobs Ladder, White
A hardy herbaceous perennial growing to 0.3m. Prefers a moist well-drained fertile soil in sun or semi-shade.From Eastern N. America - New York to Minnesota, south to Kansas and Georgia. Medicinally, they are alterative, astringent, diaphoretic, expectorant and pectoral. The dried roots have a slightly bitter and acrid taste. They can be used in an infusion with water or as a tincture with alcohol. They are used internally in the treatment of coughs, colds, bronchitis, laryngitis, tuberculosis, feverish and inflammatory diseases, including skin conditions and poisonous bites. It is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use.

(Porophyllum coloratum) Papalo
Related to the Quillquino,but has a different taste and scent. Spicy , sharp taste. Grows to 5 ft tall and needs a warm sunny, sheltered position. Has attractive bright green rounded leaves. Used in salsas and as an alternative to coriander

(Porophyllum ruderale) Quillquina
An unusual annual herb from Mexico. The leaves have a spicy citrus-like flavour. In Mexico, the leaves are used to make salsa. They can also be used in cooking like coriander. Has blue-green pointed leaves.grows to one metre tall.

(Pycnanthemum flexuosum) Mountain Mint
Not a true mint, though it is related to the mint family. it is not invasive like mints. Has needle-like leaves. Leaves give off a strong minty scent when rubbed . Makes a nice minty tea and can be used in cooking and baking.




(No Latin name entry) See common name entry for Q




(Rheum palmatum) Chinese Rhubarb
This is a very ornamental plant growing to 3m by 2 m. It is related to the common rhubarb. Although it is normally grown as an ornamental, the stems can be eaten like ordinary rhubarb and are said to be far superior in flavour than the common rhubarb. This is a popular chinese medicinal herb with a long and proven history of herbal use. It's main effect being a positive and balancing effect upon the whole digestive system.

(Rubia tinctorum) Madder
A hardy evergreen perennial herb. It has been used medicinally in the past to treat kidney and bladder stones and for other ailments. Historically, it has been used as a dye plant and was once cultivated for this purpose. It produces shades of red. Prefers a well drained soil. If plants are to be grown for the roots which produce the red dye, they will be produce more red dye if grown in a fertile limed soil.

(Rumex alpinus) Alpine dock
A perennial herb growing to 1.2 metres. Produces edible leaves throughout the year. The leaves can become bitter in the summer. They have their best flavour in the autumn and winter.pick leaves regularly and cook like spinach. has a very nice taste. it is fully hardy.

(Rumex flexuosus) Tangle Herb
A hardy native perennial of New Zealand. Has curious bronze coloured stems and leaves which form a tangled mound. Grows to 12 " tall. Likes a moist soil.

( Rumex sanguineus) Bloody Sorrel
A very ornamental sorrel having dark red veins which look like blood. A hardy perennial growing to 15 inches and having a spread of 15 inches. Leaves can be eaten raw and used in salads. Makes a nice container plant.

(Rumex scutatus)Buckler Leaved Sorrel
This is a smaller leaved version of French Sorrel. It is a low growing perennial with small heart-shaped leaved. Leaves are eaten raw or cooked and are preferred by some to French Sorrel. They have a nice lemon like flavour and are not as acid as french sorrel. Medicinally, it is detoxifying and is a main ingredient in an anti-cancer remedy called essiac. Very easy to grow and hardy.

(Rumex scutatas)French Sorrel
This herb is used extensively in France, especially in soups. The leaves have a pleasant sour taste. Leaves can also be used fresh in salads and to curdle milk. This is a hardy perennial.




(Sanguisorba minor) Salad Burnett
An evergreen perennial growing to 0.6m . The leaves are used raw in salads and as garnishes.they are best used before the plant comes into flower or else the leaves will be bitter. It is used medicinally for many ailments, one being for healing wounds externally.

(Salvia alpina) White Sage
This is an important herb used in ceremonies by the american indians and is considered sacred. It is one of the most aromatic of all the Salvias. It can be found growing naturally throughout the southern united states. Flowers appear in spring and are white with a tinge of lavender. it has many medicinal properties. It has powerful antiseptic and antifungal properties. Fully hardy in the UK.

(Salvia dorisiana) Fruit Salad Sage
A tropical looking sage with large lime green leaves.When the leaves are rubbed or bruised, it give off a strong scent of fresh fruit cocktail.it is frost tender and grows to 5 ft. tall. In the winter it has large dark pink flowers which are very attractive.

Salvia 'Extrakta Sage'
This is an improved strain of garden sage that was bred for commercial production. Contains more of the essential oil than ordinary garden sage. A hardy perennial. Needs a well drained soil and a position in full sun.

(Salvia lyrata) Cancer Weed
Open spikes of 1" lavender-blue flowers from April through June, unusual shaped leaves up to 8" long are mostly basal and often have darkened areas along the main veins. 1-2' tall. medicinally, it is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, coughs and colds. The fresh leaves are applied to remove warts. The plant is also a folk remedy for cancer. The leaves and seeds are made into an ointment to cure wounds and sores. The root can be used to make a salve for sores. Needs a well drained soil in full sun or partial shade.

(salvia lyrata 'purple knocknock') Cancer Weed 'Purple Knockout'
A colourful sage with bluish-purple flowerspikes rise from clumps of decorative evergreen foliage in shades of bronze, purple and red. Native to meadows of the Eastern US. Medicinally, it is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, coughs and colds. The fresh leaves are applied to remove warts. The plant is also a folk remedy for cancer. The leaves and seeds are made into an ointment to cure wounds and sores. The root can be used to make a salve for sores. Needs a well drained soil in full sun or partial shade.

(salvia miltiorrhiza) Red Sage
An important herb in Chinese medicine. A herbaceous perennial growing to .5 metres tall. has pretty purple flowers from spring to early summer. Used in Chinese medicine to stabilize the heart and calm the nerves, and to 'lighten' or to 'remove stagnant' blood. Clinical experience shows that the roots are effective against angina pectoris, cerebral atherosclerosis, intravascular clotting and phlebitis. Reduces blood pressure, improves circulation by dilating the blood vessels, and reduces blood cholesterol. Useful for palpitations, irritability and insomnia. Also effective against hepatitis, infections, and many skin diseases such as shingles, dermatitis and psoriasis. needs a well drained, but fertile, loamy soil. prefers light shade, but can also be grown in full sun. very sensitive to winter wet, so ensure the soil is very well drained.Originates in E. Asia- China.

Salvia Patens 'Guanajuato'
This is a giant form of Salvia patens. It was found in Mexico in the early 1990s. It grows to 5-6 feet and has flowers that are larger than the 2-inch flowers of the species. Fragrant leaves. This is a very rare and awesome salvia.

(Salvia tilliaefolia) Tarahumara Chia
A traditional crop of the Tarahumara Indians of the Sierra Madre with ten-inch spikes of 1/4" electric blue flowers. The seeds are harvested and contain a high amount of protein. They are used to make flour, beverages and for cooking. a half hardy perennial. May need to be pot grown and taken in for the winter.

Salvia tomentosa
A hardy perennial , clump forming salvia. Clumps are 8-12" high and 1-2' across. Light lavender flowers. Similar to Salvia officinalis.

(Salvia officinalis) Sage 'Bergartten'
Comes from Germany. The name translates to'Mountain Garden Sage'. Unlike garden sage, it has large oval leaves. Used in cooking like ordinary garden sage and is said by many to have a superior flavour to garden sage. This variety rarely blooms, so helps to extend it's life. This needs to be pruned regularly throughout the summer to keep it from going straggly. Grows to approximately 5ft, but can easily be kept under that with pruning. Needs full sun and a well drained soil.

Black Currant Sage
A small shrub which is supposed to be slightly tender, though it will survive outside during winter if in a protected area. The leaves, when rubbed smell strongly of black currants. Makes a wonderful herb tea and can be used in cooking and baking. Has lots of pink flowers from mid summer through autumn.

(Salvia azurea) Blue Sage
A perennial native of the American Southwest. It has many beautiful light blue flowers, 1 " in length on dense terminal spikes from july to September. Can grow to 6 ft tall, but is best kept clipped back. Has grey green foliage. It is usually evergreen in this country. The seed of this plant are a traditional food of the native Americans. It has many medicinal properties. Leaves can also be used in cooking and tea making.

(Salvia elegans) Pineapple Sage
Pineapple sage is a wonderful culinary herb. It has a gentle sage flavour with a hint of fruitiness. Add it to soups and stews, or any other dish you want to experiment with. It is also very ornamental, with lovely lime green foliage and small attractive red flowers. Needs a well drained soil. Is frost tender, so take inside for the winter.

(Salvia officinalis pupurea)Purple Sage
This sage has attractive dark, reddish purple leaves it is particularly attractive interplanted amongst golden and tricolor sage. A large shrub. Fully hardy in the UK, but needs a well drained soil for it to grow successfully.

(Saponaria officinalis) Double Soapwort
This is an ornamental version of ordinary Soapwort, having double pink flowers. It is a hardy perennial growing to 1 metre by 1 metre. It is in flower from July to September. A soap can be obtained by boiling the whole plant (but especially the root) in water. It is a gentle effective cleaner,used especially on delicate fabrics that can be harmed by modern synthetic soaps (it has been used to clean the Bayeaux tapestry). The best soap is obtained by infusing the plant in warm water.The roots can be dried and stored for later use. The plant is sometimes recommended as a hair shampoo.

(Satureja montana) Creeping Winter Savoury
This is a nice ground hugging form of ordinary Winter Savoury. It is a hardy low growing evergreen shrub. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked and are used as a flavouring in savoury dishes. They especially nice with bean dishes. The flavour is much sronger than sumer savoury. A herbal tea can be made from the fresh or dried leaves. Medicinally, it is used to aid digestion. It is easily grown provided it is in a well drained soil or else it may suffer as it doesnt like exposure to excess moisture around the roots.

(Silybum marianum ) St. Mary’s Thistle
A pretty bienniel herb growing to 1.2 metres tall. All parts of the plant are edible. The root is cooked and eaten like salsify. The leaves can be eaten raw in salads and cooked like spinach, but the spines on the edges of the leaf need to be removed first. The flower head can be eaten like globe artichokes, but before the flower buds have opened up.and the roasted seed is a coffee substitute. Silybum has a long history of medicinal uses including treatment of liver and gall bladder diseases, jaundice, cirrhosis, hepatitis and poisoning and others. An easily grown plant and self seeds easily. Grows in any reasonably fertile soil.

(Solanum aculeatissimum) Loveapple
This is an unusual , but attractive shrub with large leaves and spines down the top centre of the leaves. Produces 2" orange fruits which should not be ingested as they are poisonous. They are, however, used medicinally in treating certain problems. The powdered roots are used in india to treat toothaches. Some parts of the plant are used in the production of steroids. A tender shrub, but makes an attractive pot plant. It will need to be taken indoors for the winter.

(Spilanthes acmella , ‘Brede Mafane’) Eyeball plant/Toothache plant
A native herb of east Africa. It is the main ingredient of the national dish of Madagascar. Quite an attractive little plant with glossy leaves and lots of bright pompom-like flowers. It is used medicinally for many ailments. The leaves, if chewed have a numbing affect and can be used as a pain reliever for sore gums and teeth. This is a tender perennial, but can be grown as an annual in this country.

(Stachys officinalis) Wood Betony
A hardy perennial herb growing to 60 cms high. The leaves and flowering tops make an excellent tea substitute. Medicinally, wood betony was once commonly used to treat a wide range of ailments including an application for external wounds, a digestive system stimulant and a liver tonic. Prefers a well drained soil in full sun.

(Stevia robaudiana) Stevia Sweet Herb
The leaves of this plants are intensely sweet and may be used in place of sugar. It has 0 calories and is a must for diabetics.The leaves contain steviocide which is a substance that is 300-500x's sweeter than sucrose. The dried and fresh leaves can be used in place of sugar for baking and making preserves. It can also be added to teas and coffees to sweeten, but only a leaf or two is all that is needed. stevia is a frost tender, short lived perennial, so needs to be taken inside for the winter.




(Tagetes patula) French Marigold
French Marigold is a small bushy plant that is 15-30 cm in height. The flowers are up to 5 cm across and are composed of a dense arrangement of ‘rays’ that come in yellow, orange and a unique bronze colour. The French marigolds bloom continuously until cut down by frost. A frost tender annual from South America. In South America, the flowers are used in refreshing drinks. The leaves are used as a food flavouring. the plant is sometimes used medicinally as a Digestive. Diuretic, and a Sedative. The growing plant repels whitefly and can be grown near tomatoes to keep that crop free of the insect.

(Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lemon Gem') Marigold 'Lemon Gem'
This is one of the many newly bred citrus type marigolds. This one has leaves and flowers which have a strong scent of tangerine. Originating in Latin America, These citrus type marigolds are used in making desserts, especially hot dessert sauces made with wine and also in making herbal teas. It is also a good dye plant, yeilding yellow, tan, green and brown dyes. A tender annual growing to about 6 inches high with lots of small orange flowers. Prefers a well drained soil, but will grow in most good garden soils.

( Tanecetum parthenium) Double Feverfew
This is a lovely, ornamental version of the common herb, feverfew. It has masses of double white flowers that start in mid spring and last right through to the end of summer. Foliage and flowers have a strong, pleasant scent. the dried flowers are used as flavouring in pastries. The leaves are used in cooking. A tea is made from the dried flowers. This is a hardy short lived perennial growing to .6 metres by .3 metres. It is in flower from June to August. feverfew has gained a good reputation as a medicinal herb. It has been proven to be of special benefit in the treatment of certain migraine headaches, rheumatism, and arthritis.

(Tanecetum parthenium 'snowball') Feverfew 'Snowball'
A Lovely variety having white double flowers. They are nice in bouquets and arrangements. Makes a fine edging or border plant. Can be used medicinally also,but the parthenolide content is lower than standard medicinal varieties. Dense white double button flowers on plants 35 cm/14"" high. A short lived perennial. Prefers a well drained soil, but will grow in most soils.

(Teucrium scorodonia) Curly Woodsage
This is a pretty herb for the front of the herb border. It has curled edges to it's leaves. It is a perennial growing to .3 metres by .5 metres. It is a very easy to grow plant succeeding in and moderately good soil. Once established, it is drought tolerant.

(Thymus Herba Barona)Thyme 'Caraway'
A very strong and vigorous grower. Low growing and spreading along the ground. Makes an excellent ground cover. Leaves, when rubbed, exude a strong caraway scent and taste. Use in dishes which require caraway and thyme flavours. Hardy perennial.



(No Latin name entry) See common name entry for U




(Verbascum nigrum) Dark Mullein
A native plant of Britain which grows commonly along waysides and banks. A short lived perennial herb growing to 1 metre tall. has tall spikes of pretty yellow flowers in summer. needs a well drianed soil and a position in full sun. The flowers and leaves are used medicinally in the treatment of various respiratory complaints including coughs, bronchitis, asthma and throat irritations. An infusion of the fresh or dried flowers in olive oil is used to treat earaches, sores, wounds, boils.

(Verbascum olympicum) Giant Greek Mullein
A huge, dramatic plant for the back of the border. grows to 6 ft tall. It bears an enormous candelabra of golden yellow flowering spikes, easily 3’ wide. The stems begin to branch out near the base above large, gray-felted, green foliage. Long bloom season - from July thru September. A hardy perennial. Will tolerate any soil, but well drained is best. full sun. Native to the Bithynian Olympus Mountains in Greece.





(Withania somnifera ) Ashwagandha
A tender evergreen shrubby herb growing to 1 metre tall. Ashwagandha is used widely throughout India as a medicine for many ailments. It's most common use is as a tranquilliser. It is used much like ginseng is used in China. It has a rejuvenating effect on the whole body. A very easy plant to grow. Needs a well drained, fertile soil in a sunny position. This species is not hardy in Britain. It can be grown as an annual or as a tender perennial and overwintered in a heated greenhouse or conservatory over winter.





(No Latin name entry) See common name entry for X




(No Latin name entry) See common name entry for Y




(No Latin name entry) See common name entry for Z


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